A team can be described as a group of individuals that work together for the same goal. The word”team” originates from the usage of bullocks or opens tied together to form a concentrated and unified force to transport large quantities of material. There isn’t a magical formula for building teams effectively, there is a focused effort in the way teams work, and this will give you more power to build effective and efficient teams.
Team building is a term that is used a lot these times. Most companies, large or small, have recognized the necessity and importance of team-building. Due to the diverse personalities, it is essential for companies to devise strategies that will increase the efficiency of members of the group. Many companies have taken on a variety of team-building strategies and strategies to build an energized team and to create one where employees are able to work together in a group and encourage learning within the organization. The process of creating teams isn’t as simple, but there are numerous strategies, techniques, and principles that can be utilized to form extremely effective teams. One of the numerous ways to build a successful team is based on stages of group growth, namely., Tuckman model is explained in the following paragraphs:
Group Development Stages:
Professor. Bruce Tuckman, in 1965 created a model built on the foundation of the stages of the group development process that he called”the Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing theory. The model of Tuckman explains that as groups grow and develop relationships, their way of leading also changes. In the beginning, the style of leadership used is one that is direct, however as the relationship develops, the style shifts to coaching. This type of leadership will be closely followed by participative leadership, where the two groups cooperate, and the leader is also involved in the duties that are delegated to followers. In the course of time, the approach shifts to delegation.
He has however divided his explanation into four phases, and the nuances of each four stages are explained:
The team is highly dependent on members of the team on their leader. There is little consensus within the group aside from the direction given by the leader. There won’t be many details about the goals of the team, their purpose, as well as the roles of each member and their individual roles. In this phase, the leader generally follows a strict directive and is required to respond to a variety of questions.
The choices are not made naturally when a group is formed. It is possible that could result in conflicts as group members attempt to build a relationship. There may be power struggles, and the awareness of the goals and purpose of the group grows. At this point, the group should remain focused on the objectives, and the leader has to ensure that they do not diverge and be distracted by emotional or relationship concerns. There is a need for compromise in order to facilitate the team to move forward.
This is where the team members come to an agreement, and there is a sign of consensus and agreement within the group. There is a complete understanding of the roles and responsibilities. At this point, the group is able to engage in enjoyable activities. The team will discuss the work style, and there will be a general respect for the leader.
At this point, the team point is more strategically developed, and there is a complete understanding of the work of the team. The team has a common vision, and at this point, the team is able to manage everything without the involvement of the group. There is a great deal of autonomy in the team and, even if there were disagreements, they would be resolved without delay. The leader is merely delegated and supervises the work.